Yellow-Brown Dwarf Galeola
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Yellow-Brown Dwarf Galeola
P Native Unknown Photo: Jumter Nyorak
Common name: Yellow-Brown Dwarf Galeola
Botanical name: Cyrtosia integra    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Galeola integra

Yellow-Brown Dwarf Galeola is a terrestrial leafless orchid with rhizomes 1-4, fleshy. Roots are tuber-like, arranged as fascicles, cylindric or club-shaped. Stems are up to 40 cm tall, yellowish-brown, erect, fleshy, simple or branch, with lanceshaped scales at nodes, internodes 2-7 cm long. Flowers are borne in branching racemes or panicles, at branch-ends or in leaf-axils, many flowered, 20-30 cm long. Flower-stalks and ovary are pinkish, 1-2 cm long, velvet-hairy. Flowers are yellow to brown-yellow, broadly opening, 1.5-2.2 cm across, sepals and petals almost similar. Sepals are velvet-hairy outside; sepals ovate, 1.2-1.8 cm long. Petals are narrowly ovate, 1.2-1.8 x 0.4-0.5 cm. Lip is fleshy, concave, nearly round, hairy inside to the tip, with 2 low thick, hairless keels at the center. Column is white, curved, tapering at base, broadening to tip, 6-8 mm tall, tip with broad, ear-like, lateral wings finely finely toothed along margin. Fruits are cylindric, light brown-yellow to brown-purple, 5-7 cm long. Yellow-Brown Dwarf Galeola i found in Arunachal Pradesh, Vietnam, Thailand and Laos, at altitudes of 1000-1400 m. Flowering: April-June.

Identification credit: Jumter Nyorak Photographed in Sessa, West Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh.

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