Winged-Stem Canscora
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Winged-Stem Canscora
ative Photo: Krishan Lal
Common name: Winged-Stem Canscora • Bengali: Dhankuni • Hindi: शंखफूली Shankhaphuli • Kannada: ಶಂಕಪುಶ್ಪ Shankapushpa • Malayalam: കംചന്കൊരാ Kanchankora, സംഖപുസ്പി Samkhapuspi, സംഖപുസ്പമ് Sankhupuspam • Marathi: Titavi, Yavotchi • Nepali: शंखपुश्पी Shankhapushpee, आँकुरीफूल Aankureephool, कंजनकोरा Kanjankora • Tamil: Tantorpalam • Telugu: Chitti Akchinata • Urdu: ﺷﻨﻜﮭﭙﮭﯘﻟﲐ Shankhaphuli
Botanical name: Canscora alata    Family: Gentianaceae (Gentian family)
Synonyms: Exacum alatum, Canscora decussata, Pladera decussata

Winged-Stem Canscora is a small erect annual herb grows up to 50 cm in height. It has four-winged stems and branches. Leaves are simple ovate or lanceolate, acute, sessile, prominently three-nerved. Flowers are white with long stalks in lax terminal cymes. Fruits are cylindrical, membranous capsules. Seeds are very small, powder-like, brown in colour and reticulate. The genus name Canscora is derived from this plant's Malayalam name Kanchan-Kora. Winged-Stem Canscora is found in Tropical Africa to Indo-China, inlcuding the Himalayas.
Medicinal uses: In Ayurveda lingo, the plant pacifies vitiated kapha, insanity, epilepsy, nervine debility, pain, skin diseases, ulcer, worms, abdominal disorders and general debility.

Identification credit: Krishan Lal Photographed in Sirmaur Distt, Himachal Pradesh & Vagamon, Kerala.

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