Winged-Stalk Desmodium
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Winged-Stalk Desmodium
P Native Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: Winged-Stalk Desmodium, Trefle Gros • Assamese: উলুচা Ulucha • Kannada: Dodotte, Molada gida • Malayalam: Adkhapanal, Chattagai, Kattarali • Marathi: काक गांजा Kak ganja • Mizo: Uifawma-ring • Telugu: Dammidi
Botanical name: Tadehagi triquetrum    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Desmodium triquetrum, Hedysarum triquetrum, Pteroloma triquetrum

Winged-Stalk Desmodium is a subshrub, growing up to 1-2 m tall, with erect stems which are almost woody. Branches are triangular in cross section, velvety. Leaves are alternately arranged, and the leaf stalk has prominent wings. Leaves are linear-oblong, ovate or heart-shaped, with a tapering tip. Flowers arise in many-flowered racemes in leaf axils. Flowers are small, shaped like pea flowers, pink to pale violet, with a nearly circular standard petal, notched at tip; wings obovate, eared, clawed; keel arcuate, eared, clawed. Legumes are hairy, 5-8 jointed. Winged-Stalk Desmodium is found in the Himalayas below 1400 m, China, SE Asia, South India and Sri Lanka. Flowering: June-October.
Medicinal uses: Winged-Stalk Desmodium is used to expel worms, treats spasms in infants, indigestion, piles and abscesses; for invigorating the spleen and promoting digestion; for hemorrhoids; for stomach discomfort; as a poultice on bruises and drunk daily for chronic coughs and tuberculosis (decoction of roots); to treat kidney complaints (infusion of roots); eaten or used in baths for gastro-intestinal and urinary problems ranging from an upset stomach to hepatitis (infusion or decoction of roots).

Identification credit: Prashant Awale Photographed in Maharashtra and Mizoram.

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