White Jute
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White Jute
ative Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: White Jute • Assamese: মৰা শাক mara shaak • Bengali: কোষ্টা koshta • Hindi: पट्ट शाक patta shaak • Kannada: ಸೆಣಬು Senabu, ಒಳ್ಳೆಸೆಣಬು Olle senabu, ಮುಂಜಿ Munji • Konkani: तुपकटी tupkati • Marathi: चोंचे chonche, इसबंद isabanda, क्षुद्र चंचु kshudra chanchu • Tamil: நறுவல்லி naru-valli • Tangkhul: Ruimon
Botanical name: Corchorus capsularis    Family: Tiliaceae (Falsa family)

White Jute is an erect, branched, annual herb, 1-2 m tall. The stems are usually purplish. The leaves are ovate-lanceolate 5-12 cm long, pointed at the tip and rounded at the base, with tail-like projections on each side of the midrib, and toothed at the margins. The flowers are borne in small groups in the axils of the leaves, and are about 4 mm long. The sepals are often purplish and the petals are yellow. The capsules which are round to round-obovoid and about 1 cm in diameter, have longitudinal ridges. This species yields the greatest part of the jute of commerce, being about ten times as abundant as Corchorus olitorius. It is cultivated in India, and is also grown for its fiber in the Yangtze Valley of China.

Identification credit: Dinesh Valke Photographed at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra.

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