West-Indian Habenaria
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West-Indian Habenaria
ative Photo: Krishan Lal
Common name: West-Indian Habenaria
Botanical name: Gennaria griffithii    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Diphylax griffithii, Habenaria decipiens, Habenaria griffithii

West-Indian Habenaria is a terrestrial orchid 15-30 cm tall, with small oblong tuberoids. Leaves are 2-3 (up to 4), 2 larger near base of stem, oblong-elliptic or oblong, 5-7 x 2-3 cm, above rapidly diminishing in size. Inflorescence is loosely many-flowered, almost one-sided. Bracts are lanceshaped. Flowers very small, greenish, somewhat tubular. Petals and sepals are 3-4 mm long, spreading at their tips. Dorsal sepal is ovate- lanceolate; lateral sepals obliquely linear oblong. Petals are linear lanceolate, widened towards base. Lip is narrowly triangular-oblong, 3-4 mm long, shortly 3-toothed at apex. Spur is saccate. Ovary is oval, 6-8 mm long, hairless. West-Indian Habenaria is found in the Himalayas, in Pakistan, Kashmir eastwards to Kamaon, at lower altitudes, up to 2100 m. Flowering: April-May.

Identification credit: Krishan Lal Photographed in Sirmaur Distt, Himachal Pradesh.

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