Two-Horned Tainia
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Two-Horned Tainia
P Native Photo: Paulmathi Vinod
Common name: Two-Horned Tainia
Botanical name: Tainia bicornis    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Eria bicornis, Eria wightii, Ania bicornis

Two-Horned Tainia is a small sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial orchid with cylindrical, basally swollen psedobulbs carrying a single, apical, broadly elliptic leaf. Leaf is stalked, tapering, thin, with 3 thickened veins. The plant blooms in the later winter on an erect, 31-37.5 cm long, 45-0 cm long overall, axis 8-30 cm long, 10-17 flowered inflorescence with patent to spreading, triangular floral bracts and carrying wide spreasing, mostly simultaneously opening flowers. Flowers are greenish yellow, dorsal sepal linear-lanceshaped, blunt, 3-4-veined; lateral sepals curved linear-lanceshaped, blunt, 3-5-veined; petals linear-lanceshaped, curved, somewhat pointed, 3-7-veined; lip 18 x 1-9 mm, 3-lobed; lateral lobes ovate, blunt; midlobe, inverted-heart-shaped or notched; disc with 3 parallel ridges. Two-Horned Tainia is found in South India and Sri Lanka. Flowering: November-December.

Identification credit: N Arun Kumar Photographed in Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu.

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