Tamilnadu Pipevine
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Tamilnadu Pipevine
P Native Photo: C. Rajasekar
Common name: Tamilnadu Pipevine • Malayalam: Karalakam, Urithoogi • Tamil: Akaasha karudan, Udukamooli
Botanical name: Aristolochia krisagathra    Family: Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort family)

Tamilnadu Pipevine is a twining herbs with branches angular. Leaves are 7-16 x 2.5-5 cm, oblong-lanceshaped, long tapering at tip, flat to somewhat heart-shaped at base, 5-ribbed. Flowers are borne in few-flowered monochasial racemes, with minute bracts. Flower tube is 2-2.5 cm long, with bulbous base 5-6 mm across; limb brown, oblique, 1-lipped, 2-2.5 cm long, 0.6-1 cm wide, ovate; margins reflexed. Gynostemium is included in the bulbous portion. Style column is 6-lobed. Capsules are 1.5-2 x 1-1.5 cm, ovoid, drooping, 6-ridged and valved, splitting at upper part and hanging like a basket. Seeds are triangular, about 3 mm across. Tamilnadu Pipevine is found in South Western Ghats. Flowering: September-January.
Medicinal uses: The juice of leaves and rhizome of Tamilnadu Pipevine is used in combination with other plants for the treatment of snakebite by the Kani tribes.

Identification credit: C. Rajasekar Photographed in Mundanthurai - Kodamadi, KMTR, Tamil Nadu.

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