Sweet Broom Weed
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Sweet Broom Weed
aturalized Photo: Angela Pangkam
Common name: Sweet Broom Weed, Sweet Broom Wort • Hindi: मीठी पत्ती Mithi patti, घॊड़ा तुलसी Ghoda tulsi • Kannada: ಮೃಗಂದಿ/ಮೃಗಂಧಿ Mrigandi • Tamil: Sarakkotthini • Bengali: বন ধনিযা Bon dhonya • Manipuri: ꯁꯨꯝꯖꯤꯠ ꯃꯥꯟꯕꯤ Sumjit manbi • Nepali: पाताल मिश्री Paataal Mishree, चिनी झार Chinee Jhaar, मिर्मिरे झार Mirmire Jhaar, सल्ले झार Salle Jhaar, मिठा झार Mithaa Jhaar • Mizo: Perhpawngchaw
Botanical name: Scoparia dulcis    Family: Plantaginaceae (Plantain family)

Sweet Broom Weed is a branched herb with wiry stems, growing up to 1 m tall. Small white, hairy flowers occur in leaf axils. The stamens are greenish and the ovary is green. Flower-stalk is 5-10 mm, hairless. Calyx is lobed to the base; sepals 4, ovate-oblong, about 2 mm, margin fringed with hairs, tip blunt. Flowers are white, about 4 mm across. Tube is densely hairy at throat, petals 2-3 mm, obovate roundish, upper petal slightly larger than others. Stamens protruding. Style erect. Narrowly elliptic, almost stalkless leaves are arranged oppositely or in whorls of 3. Leaves are 3-4 X 1-1.5 cm wide, with serrated margins. The capsule is nearly round. Sweet Broom Weed is native to Tropical & Subtropical America, widely naturalized in India and Africa.
Medicinal uses: It is traditionally used in treatment of diabetes, dysentery, earache, fever, gonorrhea, headaches, jaundice, snake bite, stomach problems, toothache, warts.

Identification credit: Thingnam Rajshree Photographed in East Siang distt., Arunachal Pradesh.

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