South-Indian Commiphora
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South-Indian Commiphora
D Native Photo: Satish Phadke
Common name: South-Indian Commiphora, Green commiphora • Kannada: Assuraada, Hasuvaara, kalmaavu, Konda maavu • Malayalam: Idinjil, Itinjil • Sanskrit: Ikkata, Ikkada • Tamil: Pachai kiluvai, Kiluvai • Telugu: Konda mamidi, Netta maamidi
Botanical name: Commiphora caudata    Family: Burseraceae (Torchwood family)
Synonyms: Balsamea caudata, Protium caudatum, Protionopsis caudata

South-Indian Commiphora is a deciduous tree growing from 12-20 m tall. The bole can be 15-25 cm in diameter. leaves are 3-7-foliolate, leaflets hairless more or less abruptly tapering, cyme branched many times symmetrically greatly exceeding the leaves. Leaves long-leaf-stalkd with short lateral leaflets, the at branch-ends one with a long leaflet-stalk, ovate, entire. Cymes bracteate at the branches, the bracteoles beneath the flowers very minute. Flowers are polygamous, yellowish-red, small. Sepals are triangular, pointed, as long as broad. Petals are about twice as long as sepals. Drupe is about the size of a pea, nearly globular, subtended by the persistent sepal-cup. South-Indian Commiphora is found in Peninsular India and Sri Lanka.
Medicinal uses: In traditonal medicine, it is used in curing various ailments like arthritis; hyperlipidemia, pain, healing of wounds, coronary artery, gynecological diseases and also widely used to treat pain full inflammatory conditions.

Identification credit: Milind Girdhari Photographed in Pune, Maharashtra.

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