Scarlet Bauhinia
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Scarlet Bauhinia
ative Photo: C. Susanth
Common name: Scarlet Bauhinia • Kannada: ಕೆಂಪು ಯಾತಬಳ್ಳಿ kempu yathaballi • Malayalam: വള്ളിമന്ദാരം vallimandaram • Tamil: தூக்கரக்களி thukarakkali Source: Names of Plants in India
Botanical name: Phanera phoenicea    Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family)
Synonyms: Bauhinia phoenicea, Bauhinia benthamii, Bauhinia ruficarpa

Scarlet Bauhinia is a very interesting large climbing shrub found in the Western Ghats. Alternately arranged leaves are ovate, oblong, tip rounded, bi-lobed, and base heart-shaped. Leaves are 8.5-14 cm long, 5-10 cm wide, prominently nerved, nerves 8-9. arising from the base. Flowers are scarlet red, borne in few-flowered corymbs in leaf axils or at the end of branches. Sepal tube is five-lobed, fused in bud, splits on one side on maturity. Petals are 5, scarlet red, unequal, long clawed. Stamens are 5, all fertile. Fruit is red, flat pod, thickened along one seam. Flowering: January-March.

Identification credit: R. Vijayasankar Photographed in Kerala.

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