Riverstream Orchid
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Riverstream Orchid
P Native Photo: Jambey Tsering
Common name: Riverstream Orchid, Goering's Cymbidium, Noble orchid
Botanical name: Cymbidium goeringii    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Maxillaria goeringii, Cymbidium forrestii, Cymbidium uniflorum

Riverstream Orchid is a smaller, terrestrial orchid with smaller, ovoid pseudobulbs carrying linear-elliptic, pointed, arched leaves with fine toothed margins. The plant blooms in the winter and spring on a basal, erect, basally sheathed, 10 cm long, solitary to 1-3 flowered, shorter than the leaves inflorescence, carrying jasmine, scented to lemon scented flowers held low amid the leaves. It has been a perrenial favorite of Japanese and Chinese culture for centuries. Flowers are variable in color, usually yellowish green with purplish brown venation, sometimes olive-green, membranous; flower-stalk and ovary 2-4 cm. Sepals are nearly oblong to oblong-obovate, 25-40 x 8-12 mm, tip blunt to pointed. Petals are spreading forward or loosely embracing column, obovate-elliptic to oblong-ovate, 17-30 x 8-12 mm. Lip is nearly ovate, 14-28 mm, obscurely 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect, not fused to basal margins of column; mid-lobe strongly recurved, broadly ovate, 7-10 x 7-10 mm, margin slightly wavy. Riverstream Orchid is found in Himalaya to China and Japan, at altitudes of 300-2200 m.

Identification credit: Jambey Tsering Photographed in Dirang, West Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh.

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