River Anemone
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River Anemone
ative Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: River Anemone, River Windflower • Hindi: Angeli, Mirchilee, Ageli, Charbini, Maruiri • Nepali: हात्तिपाईले haatti paaile • Tibetan: Srub ka dkar po
Botanical name: Eriocapitella rivularis    Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family)
Synonyms: Anemone rivularis, Anemone geraniifolia

River Anemone is an erect silky-haired perennial plant found on forest margins, grassy slopes, streamsides and lakesides in the Himalayas. It is 30-90 cm tall. Basal leaves are rounded, deeply 3-lobed, silky haired on both sides and long stalked. Lobes are further cut and shallowly toothed. Flowers are white, often flushed violet outside, 2-5 cm across, in lax umbel below which occur a ring of narrowly 3-lobed, sharply toothed leaves. The most interesting part of the plant is it unusual blue anthers.
Medicinal uses: In Nepal, wounds are cleaned regularly with a decoction of the roots of River Anemone. The roasted seeds are added to pickles. Sniffing crushed leaves is said to relieve headache. In India, the paste of the roots is applied on boils to exude pus.

Identification credit: Tabish Photographed in Kufri, Himachal Pradesh.

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