Red-Stem Pouzolz's Bush
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Red-Stem Pouzolz's Bush
P Native Photo: M. Sawmliana
Common name: Red-Stem Pouzolz's Bush • Adi: Osik • Mizo: Khupnal • Tangkhul: Ari-arong
Botanical name: Pouzolzia sanguinea    Family: Urticaceae (Nettle family)
Synonyms: Pouzolzia montana, Pouzolzia ovalis, Pouzolzia viminea

Red-Stem Pouzolz's Bush is a shrub 0.5-3 m tall, stems reddish; branchlets densely or sparsely bristly, upper shoots rarely leafless but with some glomerules at nodes. Leaves alternate; stipules lanceshaped, 3-5 mm; leaf-stalk 2.6-11 cm; leaf blade lanceshaped to rhombic-ovate, 3-19 × 1.5-9 cm, papery, secondary veins 2 apical pairs, lower surface bristly or densely appressed velvet-hairy, upper surface scabrous, sparsely velvet-hairy, base rounded or wedge-shaped, margin 8-14-toothed, tip pointed or tapering. Glomerules often unisexual on distal nodes, bisexual on proximal nodes, mostly in leaf-axils but sometimes forming almost leafless lateral spikes, reddish, 3-7 mm in diam.; bracts narrowly ovate, 2-4 mm. Male flowers: perianth lobes 4, fused to middle, bristly, tip pointed. Female flowers: perianth tube ellipsoid or rhomboid, 0.8-1.2 mm, to 2 mm in fruit, velvet-hairy, inprominently ribbed, 3- or 4-toothed. Achenes gray-yellow, ovoid, slightly compressed, 1-1.6 mm. Red-Stem Pouzolz's Bush is found in China, Bhutan, NE India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam, at altitudes of 300-2300 m. Flowering: April-July.

Identification credit: M. Sawmliana Photographed in Ailawng area, Mizoram.

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