Ram Tulsi
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Ram Tulsi
ative Photo: Shashidharswamy Hiremath
Common name: Ram Tulsi, Wild Basil, African basil, clove basil, shrubby basil, tree basil • Hindi: राम तुलसी Ram tulsi, बन तुलसी Ban tulsi • Manipuri: ৰাম তুলসী Ram tulsi • Marathi: ajavala, राम तुलसी ramatulasi, tanatulasu • Tamil: elumichantulasi, peruntulasi, elumiccam tulaci • Telugu: nimma-tulasi, nimmatulasi, rama-tulasi • Bengali: ৰাম তুলসী Ram tulsi • Oriya: sondabhogohulono • Urdu: Tukhm faranjmushk • Assamese: ৰাম তুলসী Ram tulsi • Sanskrit: ajaka, ajeka, bilvaparni, doshakleshi
Botanical name: Ocimum gratissimum    Family: Lamiaceae (Mint family)
Synonyms: Ocimum suave, Ocimum viride, Ocimum viridiflorum

Ram Tulsi is a perennial herb, woody at base. Stems grow to 1-3 m long. Leaves broadly to narrowly ovate, usually 5-13 cm long, 3-9 cm wide, surface somewhat hairy. Leaf margin is toothed, tip narrow, base wedge- shaped. Leaf stalks are 1-6 cm long. Flowers are greenish white to greenish yellow, 4-7 mm long. Sepal cup is 3-5 mm long, enlarging up to 7 mm long in fruit. Upper sepal is ovate, and the median lobes of the lower lip are shorter than lateral ones. Nutlets are nearly spherical, 1.5-2 mm in diameter. The species is distributed world-wide.

Identification credit: Tabish Photographed in cultivation.

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