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ative Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: Radish • Hindi: मौली mauli, मूलक mulak, मूली muli • Manipuri: Mula • Marathi: मुळा mula • Malayalam: മൂലാഭം molabham, മുള്ളങ്കി mullaanki, പാടീരം patiram • Telugu: ముల్లంగి mullangi • Kannada: ಮೂಲಂಗಿ moolangi, ಮುಲ್ಲಂಗಿ mullangi • Bengali: মুলো mulo • Kashmiri: मुजू muju • Konkani: मूळो mulo • Urdu: فجل fujul • Gujarati: મૂળો mulo • Sanskrit: मूलक mulaka, मूलिका mulika • Mizo: Bul-uih
Botanical name: Raphanus sativus    Family: Brassicaceae (Mustard family)

Radish is an edible root vegetable that was domesticated long back. They are grown and consumed throughout the world. Radishes have numerous varieties, varying in size, color and duration of required cultivation time. Some radishes are annuals, little more than 4 in tall at maturity, and some are biennials, going to seed in their second growing season, and topping out at over 6 ft in height. Most radish types are grown for their enlarged roots, and there is great variation in size, shape and color. Some are small "salad radishes" with red skins or pure white throughout. Radish leaves usually are medium green and lobed and have a rough texture, but some are purplish and some are smooth. The flowering stalks stand 2-5 inches above the leaves, depending on the variety. The flowers are cross-shaped with four petals, usually about an inch across and white, pink or purple. The seed pods are sickle shaped, 2-12" long, first green, then turning brown when mature. They are full of little round seeds.

Identification credit: Tony Rodd Photographed at Manali, Himachal Pradesh.

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