Purplish Shrub-Mint
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Purplish Shrub-Mint
ative Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: Purplish Shrub-Mint • Manipuri: ꯁꯡꯕ꯭ꯔꯩ Sangbrei, Shangbrei
Botanical name: Pogostemon purpurascens    Family: Lamiaceae (Mint family)

Purplish Shrub-Mint is an erect or suberect branched herbs, to 20 cm tall, with strong odour. Stem is 4-angled and hairy. Hairs are long, spreading, and sometimes glandular. Leaves occur in unequal, opposite pairs. Leaves are elliptic, with serrated margin, narrow tip and wedge-shaped base. Tiny whitish flowers, 6 mm long, are borne in elongated spikes. The stalk of the spike is up to 8 cm long. Bracts are 6 mm long, ovate-lanceshaped. Sepal tube is up to 4 mm long, hairy outside. It has lanceshaped, 3-nerved teeth. Flowers are 2-lipped - tube is narrow, about 5 mm long. Upper lip is 3-lobed, purplish, and the lower one entire. Stamens are 4 in number, protruding out. Style is long, slender, with a 2-lobed stigma - lobes are long, slender. In Manipur, leaves and flowers are used in the preparation of a local hair-care lotion. Purplish Shrub-Mint is found in Western Ghats, NE India and West Himalaya. Flowering: January-February.
Medicinal uses: Leaves are styptic and used to clean wounds and for promoting granulation. Roots are used in uterine haemorrhage, snake-bite and scorpion stings. Leaf juice is given in fever.

Identification credit: Dinesh Valke Photographed at Karnala Bird Sanctuary, Maharashtra.

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