Purple-Lipped Dendrobium
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Purple-Lipped Dendrobium
P Native Photo: Siddarth Machado
Common name: Purple-Lipped Dendrobium
Botanical name: Dendrobium porphyrochilum    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Dendrobium caespitosum, Callista porphyrochila

Purple-Lipped Dendrobium is a mini-miniature sized orchid growing on trees, with narrowed, cylindric-conical, slender, yellowish pseudobulbs enveloped by imbricating, membraneous, striped sheaths. The pseudobulbs carry 3 to 4, nearly erect to somewhat spreading, slightly arcuate, fleshy, thinly leathery, linear-oblong to obliquely notched, stalkless leaves which are jointed, pointed to blunt. The plant blooms in the spring on a branch-end, slender, solitary, hanging, hairless, simultaneously 6-10 flowered inflorescence with hairless basal sheaths. Flowers are hardly 2 cm across, sepals and petals pale green with purplish red nerves, lip purplish red with pale green margins. Sepals are lanceshaped with the lateral pair longer and wider than the dorsal. Petals are shorter than the petals, oblong. Lip elliptic, decurved from base, edges entire, tip sub-pointed. Purple-Lipped Dendrobium is found in Eastern Himalayas, from Nepal to Sikkim, NE India and N. Burma, at altitudes of about 2500 m.

Identification credit: Siddarth Machado Photographed in Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary, Sikkim.

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