Purple Orchid Tree
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Purple Orchid Tree
ative Photo: Tabish
Common name: Purple Orchid Tree, Butterfly tree, Pink butterfly tree, Purple bauhinia, Purple butterfly tree • Hindi: Kaniar कनियार • Tamil: நீலத்திருவத்தி Nilattiruvatti • Bengali: Koiral • Assamese: Og-yok • Manipuri: ꯆꯤꯡꯊ꯭ꯔꯥꯑꯣ ꯉꯥꯡꯂꯩ ꯅꯥꯕꯥ Chingthrao nganglei-naba • Marathi: रक्त कंचन Rakta kanchan • Nepali: टाँकी Taankee, रातो कोइरालो Raato Koiraalo • Kannada: ಕಂಚುವಾಳ Kanchuvaala, ಕಂಚಿವಾಳ Kanchivaala, ಕಂಚವಾಳ Kanchavaala, ಕಂಚಾಳ Kanchaala, ಕೆಂಗಂಚಾಳ Kengaanchaala, ದೇವಕಾಂಚನ Devakaanchana • Tangkhul: Haochokwon • Mizo: Vau-fa-vang • Sanskrit: देवकाञ्चनः Devakanchan
Botanical name: Bauhinia purpurea      Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family)

The Purple Orchid Tree is an exotic tropical tree that blooms over a long period of time. The beautiful & fragrant, classic, Orchid-like flowers of Bauhinia purpurea makes this small tree, native to India, a favourite of many plant lovers. In fall, before the leaves drop, Orchid-Tree is festooned with many showy and delightfully fragrant, five-inch-wide blossoms, the narrow purple, pink, and lavender petals arranged to closely resemble an orchid. These flowers appear on the trees from September through November and are a beautiful sight to see, creating a vivid splash of color in the autumn landscape. Curiously, the flower colors varies quite a lot. There are some trees which have white flowers with only some streaks of purple in them. Purple orchid tree can be easily distinguished from Orchid Tree (Bauhinia variegata) in that the petals of Purple orchid tree are narrower and do not overlap. On the other hand, the petals of Bauhinia variegata are broad and overlap - it never open fully flat. The flowers are followed by 12-inch-long, slender, brown, flat seedpods which usually persist on the tree throughout the winter. The foliage light green and deeply notched at the tip. Bauhinia purpurea can reach up to 20 feet tall and have a 25 foot crown.

Identification credit: Tabish Photographed in Delhi & Allahabad.

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