Periyar Habenaria
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Periyar Habenaria
P Native Photo: Sam Kuzhalanattu
Common name: Periyar Habenaria
Botanical name: Habenaria periyarensis    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)

Periyar Habenaria is a terrestrial orchid with stem 10-15 cm high. Leaves are up to 5 x 2 cm, narrowly elliptic-lanceshaped to elliptic-oblong, pointed, with a short sharp point, wedge-shaped at base. Flowers are greenish-white, in 15 cm long spike; dorsal sepal green, 10 x 6 mm, elliptic, pointed, dorsally 3-ribbed, 3-5 veined; lateral sepals white, 12 x 6 mm, ovate, pointed, 5-veined. Petals are green, 9 x 2 mm, linear-lanceshaped, sickle shaped, 2-veined; lip greenish-white, 3-partite; lateral lobes 17 x 0.9 mm, thread-like, pointed, recurved; midlobe 12 x 1 mm, linear, blunt. Spur is white, 25 x 2 mm, cylindrical, longer than ovary; column 5 x 4 mm; anthers sac 2 x 1.5 mm, anther canal 2 mm long, straight; stigma dark green, kidney-shaped; ovary 1.5 cm long, shortly stalked. Periyar Habenaria is endemic to Southern Western Ghats. Flowering: July-August.

Identification credit: Giby Kuriakose Photographed in Vannappuram, Idukki, Kerala.

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