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aturalized Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Pea, garden pea, English pea, green pea, snap pea • Hindi: मटर Matar • Manipuri: ꯍꯋꯥꯢ ꯊꯔꯥꯛ Hawai tharak • Marathi: Vatane • Nepali: केराउ Kerau • Tamil: பட்டாநீ pattani • Malayalam: പട്ടാനീ Pattani • Telugu: Pantanlu, Gundusanighelu • Kannada: ಬಟ್ಟಗಡಲೆ Batgadle, Bahtahna, ಹೊಲದಬಟಾಣಿ Holada bataani • Bengali: Matar • Urdu: Matar • Gujarati: Patana • Sanskrit: रेणुका Renuka, सतील Satila, Triputa • Mizo: Motor-chana • Urdu: Matar ﻣﭩﺮ
Botanical name: Lathyrus oleraceus    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Pisum sativum, Pisum album, Pisum arvense

Pea is an annual, often climbing herb with stem hairless, glaucous. Leaves are paripinnately compound, axis ending in a branched tendril, leaflets 2-8, entire or toothed; stipules 1.5-8 cm long, obliquely ovate, toothed at least below, semi-stem-clasping at the base. Flower-cluster-stalk is up to twice as long as the stipule, 1-3-flowered. Flower white or vexillum lilac and reddish purple. Vexillum 16-30 mm long. Sepal-cup is 8-15 mm long, teeth longer than the tube, almost equal. Seedpod is 4-7 cm long, 1.2-1.7 cm broad. Pea is native to Mediterranian to Afghanistan. Pea has been cultivated for thousands of years, its seeds and leaves are cooked and eaten. It is also found as a garden escape.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale Photographed in Maharashtra, Manipur & UP.

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