Papery Wild Hops
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Papery Wild Hops
P Native Photo: Raja Ghosh
Common name: Papery Wild Hops • Bengali: Salpan, Bhalia • Nepali: भट्टे Bhatte
Botanical name: Flemingia chappar    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Maughania chappar

Papery Wild Hops is an erect shrub, about 1 m tall. Branchlets are slender, densely brown hairy. Leaves are simple; stipules narrowly ovate, about 2 mm, falling off; leaf-stalk about 1.5 cm, densely deciduous brown hairy. Leaf blade is round-heart-shaped, 4-4.5 cm, papery or thinly leathery, lower surface with dense, orange, stalkless glands, basal veins 3, lateral veins 3 pairs, base slightly heart-shaped, tip tapering. Flowers are borne in leaf-axils or at branch-ends, in thyrses. Inflorescence axis is 3-7 cm long, densely brown hairy; cymules each enclosed by concave bract; bracts 1.5-2 x 1.8-3.8 cm, membranous, hairless, with obvious veins, persistent, tip notched. Flowers are 6-9 mm; flower-stalk 0.4-1.6 cm, densely hairy. Sepal-cup 5-lobed, 4-5 mm, densely velvet-hairy, with orange glands; sepals lanceshaped, almost equal to tube. Standard has lobe as long as broad, contracted above ears, and obovate or inverted heart-shaped; wings oblong; keel slightly curved. The fresh flowers are chewed by children. Seed-pod is elliptic, 10-15 x 6-10 mm, densely brown hairy.Papery Wild Hops is found in Indian Subcontinent (including the Himalaya) to China and Indo-China, at altitudes of 300-1000 m. Flowering: December-March.
Medicinal uses: The plant is used in the treatment of epilepsy, hysteria, insomnia and to relieve pain. The roots are used in the treatment of epilepsy, insomnia, acidity and stomach disorders. The pounded or powdered root is taken internally in the treatment of filariasis. One to two drops of juice extracted from the pressed seeds is put in the eyes as a remedy in eye troubles and also to remove cataract.

Identification credit: Raja Ghosh Photographed in Bara Botla forest, Jharkhand.

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