Native Olive
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Native Olive
E Native Photo: Ashutosh Sharma
Common name: Native Olive • Hindi: Gaild, Gair, Galdu, Jharinu • Kannada: Kunde, Kunthay, Kunthe • Telugu: Lodajang, Loddajang
Botanical name: Olea paniculata    Family: Oleaceae (Jasmine family)
Synonyms: Olea bournei, Olea glandulifera, Olea glandulosa

Native Olive is a tree 5-15 m tall, bark 1 cm, greyish-brown, peeling in brittle scales; blaze dull yellow. Leaves are simple, opposite; leaf-stalk 1.0-3.5 cm, slender, hairless, grooved above; blade 7-13 x 2.5-5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-obovate or elliptic lanceshaped, base narrowed, tip tapering, margin entire, hairless, papery; lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, hairless, pinnate, prominent; intercostae netveined; domatia present. Flowers are bisexual, creamy, 4 mm across, borne branch-end or lateral compound, cymes. Flowers are deeply lobed; petals 4, spreading, 2 mm long, tube 1 mm long; stamens 2, protruding; anther oblong Sepal-cup is 1 mm, hairless, sepals triangular, gland-dotted. Fruit is a drupe, 1.5 x 0.8 cm, ovoid, brownish-black; seed one. Native Olive is found in moist ravines, open valleys, at altitudes of 1200-2400 m, in the Himalayas, Yunnan, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Sri Lanka; Australia. Flowering: April-May.

Identification credit: Ashutosh Sharma Photographed in Solan district, Himachal Pradesh.

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