Mediterranean Hackberry
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Mediterranean Hackberry
D Introduced Photo: Anil Thakur
Common name: Mediterranean Hackberry, European Nettle Tree, lote tree, or honeyberry • Manipuri: ꯍꯩꯀ꯭ꯔꯦꯡ Heikreng • Mizo: Thei-sehret-bial • Nepali: खरी Kharee
Botanical name: Celtis australis    Family: Cannabaceae (Marijuana family)
Synonyms: Celtis alpina, Celtis lutea, Celtis serrata

Mediterranean Hackberry is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 25 m tall. The bark is smooth and grey, almost elephantine. The alternate leaves are narrow and sharp-toothed, rough above and woolly below, 5-15 cm long and dark grey/green throughout the year, fading to a pale yellow before falling in autumn. The apetalous wind-pollinated flowers are perfect (hermaphrodite, having both male and female organs), small and green, either singly or in small clusters. The fruit is a small, dark-purple berry-like drupe, 1 cm wide, hanging in short clusters, and are extremely popular with birds and other wildlife.Mediterranean Hackberry is native to southern Europe, North Africa, and Asia Minor.

Identification credit: Anil Thakur Photographed near Shimla, Himachal Pradesh & Rajouri, J&K.

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