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ative Photo: Monideepa Mitra
Common name: Mauwa • Assamese: Lal amiri, Lewa, Rumgach • Hindi: Gadh mauha, Mahwa, Samma, Silapoma • Khasi: Dieng lamba, Dieng lyba • Lepcha: Savyak, Sugreot-kung • Manipuri: ꯍꯩꯖꯨꯒꯥ ꯃꯥꯟꯕꯤ Heijuga-manbi • Mizo: Hnum • Nepali: Mauwaa मौवा, भाले मौवा Bhale Mauwaa, सेती मौवा seti Mauwaa
Botanical name: Engelhardia spicata    Family: Juglandaceae (Walnut family)
Synonyms: Engelhardtia spicata, Engelhardia aceriflora, Gyrocarpus pendulus

Mauwa is a tree identified by fissured bark, compound leaves with leaflets opposite, and winged nut. It is a deciduous tree up to 20 m tall. Bole is straight. Bark is grey or grey-brown, deeply fissured. Leaves are compound, alternate and spiral, impar- or pari-pinnate, leaflets are narrowly ovate or elliptic, with yellow glandular dots, margin entire. Primary vein is single. Flowers are arranged in a many-flowered inflorescence, in leaf axils, on small leafless twigs, unisexual, on the same tree, on stalks up to 3 mm long. Fruit is up to 3.5 cm long, 1-seeded, 3-winged nutlet, not splitting open. Mauwa is found in the Himalayas, till NE India, at altitudes of 1000-3000 m. Flowering: March-April.

Identification credit: Amit Kumar, Monideepa Mitra Photographed in Mussoorie & Srinagar, Uttarakhand.

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