Large-Leaf Smilax
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Large-Leaf Smilax
P Native Photo: Vinayaraj V R
Common name: Large-Leaf Smilax • Adi: Yorit • Assamese: Tikoni barua • Bengali: কুমাৰিকা Kumarika • Hindi: कुमारिका Kumarika, Jangli Aushbah, Bhitura • Manipuri: ꯀꯩꯁꯨꯝꯂꯥ Keisumla • Mizo: Kaiha • Nepali: कुकुरडाईनो Kukurdaaino
Botanical name: Smilax ovalifolia    Family: Smilacaceae (Smilax family)
Synonyms: Smilax macrophylla, Smilax grandifolia

Large-Leaf Smilax is a large prickly climber with stem round or slightly ridged, woody; branches smooth or sparsely prickly. Leaves are ovate to round abruptly contracted to cuspidate tip, base flat or rounded, 6-12 x 13-25 cm, costae 5 + 2, weak, marginal; leathery; leaf-stalk 1-1.5 cm, upper part often with margins waved above, winged for lower 1⁄3, wing oblong, narrow, about 0.5 mm; tendrils strong; abscission from just above tip of wings. Flowers are borne in 2-3 bracted, stalked umbels, up to 0.7 cm long. Female umbels are about 14-flowered; flower-cluster-stalks stout (especially in fruits); flower-stalks about 1.2 cm long; receptacle spherical, large (up to 5 mm diameter) with prominent bracteoles up to 1.3 mm. Male umbels are 20-40 flowered; flower-stalks 3.5-4 mm; receptacles spherical 3-4 mm diam., with brown bracteoles, flower buds oblong, tepals reflexed a maturity, outer hooded, 5.7-6 x 1.5-1.9 mm, inner 0.6-0.8 mm wide, filament 5.3-5.4, anthers linear 1.2-1.5 x 0.3-0.6 mm. Berry is red, about 0.7 cm in diameter. Flowering: September-October.

Identification credit: Tabish Photographed in Kerala.

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