Large-Leaf Pongam Creeper
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Large-Leaf Pongam Creeper
P Native Photo: Ashutosh Sharma
Common name: Large-Leaf Pongam Creeper • Hindi: Gauj, Gauju, Gonj, Salangan • Malayalam: Valli muritali • Nepali: गाउजो Gaujo • Telugu: Kondatangedutige
Botanical name: Millettia extensa    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Millettia macrophylla, Pongamia macrophylla, Millettia auriculata

Large-Leaf Pongam Creeper is a woody climber with imparipinnately compound leaves, about 20-25 cm long, and greenish yellow, velvet-hairy flowers. Flowers have a vexillum about 8-12 mm long. Sepal-cup is about 3 mm long, densely hairy, teeth small. Ovary appressly silky. Flower-racemes are about 10-30 cm long. Flower-stalks are about 3 mm long. Stipules are persistent, about 7 mm long. Leaflets are 7-9, 8-16 cm long, ovate-oblong, tip shortly tapering, appressly silky on both sides; leaflet-stalk about 4 mm long, stipels about 1-2 mm long, falling off. Fruit is up to 15 cm long, 3 cm broad, velvety, becoming somewhat hairless, about 8-seeded. Roots are used as fish poison. Roots are also insect repellent, and their extract is rubbed on cattle to keep flies away. Large-Leaf Pongam Creeper is found in the Himalayas, from Kashmir to Bhutan, NE India, Indo-China and South India. Flowering: March-June.

Identification credit: Ashutosh Sharma Photographed in Bhambla, Mandi district, Himachal Pradesh.

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