Large-Leaf Bulb-Leaf Orchid
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Large-Leaf Bulb-Leaf Orchid
P Native Photo: Jambey Tsering
Common name: Large-Leaf Bulb-Leaf Orchid
Botanical name: Bulbophyllum amplifolium    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Cirrhopetalum amplifolium

Large-Leaf Bulb-Leaf Orchid is a small sized, tree-dwelling orchid with a creeping rhizome that has 7 to 10 cm between each ovoid-cylindric pseudobulb carrying a single, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, leathery leaf which is blunt on tip, gradually narrowing below into the elongate, stalked base leaf. The plant blooms in the fall on 1 to 2, basal, erect, 15 to 30 cm long, 4 to 8 flowered, umbel-like inflorescence. Flowers are large, yellowish brownish. Dorsal sepal nearly round, concave, about 1 x 1 cm, tip with a club-shaped-tipped awn about 8 mm; lateral sepals lanceshaped, 4.5-5.5 cm, base adnate to column foot and twisted above it, their upper and lower edges fused to each other except tips. Petals are ovate-triangular, about 4 x 3 mm, margins comblike, tip with a long club-shaped-tipped awn; lip recurved, without ears, ovate-oblong, about 6 mm, fleshy, base nearly heart-shaped, tip blunt. Column is about 3 mm; foot about 4 mm; stelidia strongly curved downward, hook-shaped and spindle-shaped, about 5 mm. Large-Leaf Bulb-Leaf Orchid is found in the East Himalaya, from Bhutan, NE India, Myanmar to China, at altitudes of 1700-2000 m. Flowering: October-November.

Identification credit: Jambey Tsering Photographed in Sessa Orchid Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh.

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