Lanceleaf Vatica
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Lanceleaf Vatica
E Native Photo: Siddarth Machado
Common name: Lanceleaf Vatica • Manipuri: ꯃꯦꯀ꯭ꯔꯨꯛ Mekruk
Botanical name: Vatica lanceifolia    Family: Dipterocarpaceae (Sal family)
Synonyms: Vateria lanceifolia Roxburgh, Vatica lanceaefolia Bl.

Lanceleaf Vatica is a critically endangered evergreen tree up to 12 m tall. Bark is pale grayish green, mottled, smooth. Twig slender, grayish brown puberulous. Stipules are fugacious; leaf-stalk about 2 cm, puberulous; leaf blade below glaucous, elliptic to lanceshaped, 10-23 x 3-8 cm, usually narrow, thinly leathery, midvein raised below, conspicuous above; lateral veins 10-15 pairs, slender, raised below, prominent above, base wedge-shaped, acumen slender. Fragrant flowers are borne fascicled in irregular lax racemes up to 12 cm. Sepals are triangular, about 3 mm, outside densely puberulous. Petals are strap-shaped, up to 2 mm, velvet-hairy on parts exposed in bud. Stamens are 15; anthers ovoid-oblong; connectival appendage exceeding anther apices, stout. Ovary ovoid, puberulous; style stout, about as long as ovary; stigma prominent. Nut is pink-brown, about 3 x 2.5 cm, spherical, with 3 loculicidal sutures, becoming rugulose; fruit sepals ascending, subequal, to 10 × 8 mm, lanceshaped, papery, bases heart-shaped. Lanceleaf Vatica is found in evergreen valley forests, below 900 m elevation in Bhutan, NE India, NW Myanmar.

Identification credit: Siddarth Machado Photographed in Hollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary, Assam.

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