Lanceleaf Smilax
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Lanceleaf Smilax
P Native Photo: Saroj Kasaju
Common name: Lanceleaf Smilax • Nepali: कुबिरैना Kubiraina, चोप चिनी Chop Chinee, छतिवन Chhatiwan • Manipuri: ꯀ꯭ꯋꯥꯃꯥꯟꯕꯤ Kwamanbi • Tangkhul: Shangha-yung
Botanical name: Smilax lanceifolia    Family: Smilacaceae (Smilax family)

Lanceleaf Smilax is a deciduous climber with stem branched, round, 1-2 m, woody; branchlets occasionally zigzagged. Leaf-stalks are 1-2 cm, narrowly winged for 1/5-1/4 its length; tendrils usually present. Leaf blade is lanceshaped to ovate-oblong, 6-17 x 2-8 cm. Flowers are borne in 1 or 2 umbels, basally prophyllate; flower-cluster-stalk 1-1.5 cm, proximally jointed, umbels of both sexes densely 20-30-flowered, base slightly thickened. Male flowers have tepals yellowish green, 3-4.5 x about 1 mm; stamens 3-4 mm. Female flowers have tepals 1.5-2 x about 0.6 mm; staminodes 6. Berries are yellowish red to black, spherical, 6-7 mm in diameter. Flowering: September-March.

Identification credit: Saroj Kasaju Photographed in Sukhiapokhari, Darjeeling, India.

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