Lanceleaf Laurel
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Lanceleaf Laurel
E Native Photo: Shivani Negi
Common name: Lanceleaf Laurel, Nepali bonsum • Hindi: हौलिया Haulia • Manipuri: ꯎꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ Uningthou
Botanical name: Phoebe lanceolata    Family: Lauraceae (Laurel family)
Synonyms: Phoebe palghatensis, Laurus lanceolaria, Laurus camphorata

Lanceleaf Laurel is a small tree to 16 m, with shoots with narrow rings of bud scale scars. Leaves are usually clustered near branch ends, lanceshaped or narrowly elliptic, 8-17 x 2-5.5 cm, finely tapering, base narrowed, lateral veins 7-10 pairs, not impressed above, hairless or sparsely appressed velvet-hairy beneath; leaf-stalks 0.6-1.5 cm. Flowers are bisexual, 2-5 mm across, yellowish-green, borne in leaf-axils in slender panicles. Tepals are ovate, about 2.5 mm, hairless. Panicles are 2-12 clustered at branch ends, 9-15 cm. Fruit is ellipsoid, 10-11 x 5-7 mm, glossy black when ripe, enclosed at base by hardened tepals 3-4 mm. Lanceleaf Laurel is found in the Indian Subcontinent to China (S. Yunnan) and W. Malesia, including the Himalayas, usually below 1500 m. Flowering: April-May.
Medicinal uses: Ash of berries is applied to sores.

Identification credit: Sunit Singh Photographed in Rudarparyag, Uttarakhand.

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