Khasi Swallow-Root
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Khasi Swallow-Root
P Native Photo: M. Sawmliana
Common name: Khasi Swallow-Root • Mizo: Thei-kelki
Botanical name: Decalepis khasiana    Family: Apocynaceae (Oleander family)
Synonyms: Stelmacrypton khasianum, Pentanura khasiana, Periploca khasiana

Khasi Swallow-Root is a large climber up to 10 m. Flowers are tiny, yellow-green, about 6 mm wide, velvet-hairy; lobes ovate. Corona lobes ovate. Flower-stalks are about 2 mm. Sepals are broadly ovate, hairless. Flower clusters are shorter than leaves, 4- or 5-flowered, carried on flower-cluster-stalk about 5 mm. Branchlets are warty, velvet-hairy when young. Leaf-stalks are about 5 mm; leaf blade reddish, oblong-elliptic to elliptic-ovate, 7-17 x 2.5-8 cm, somewhat leathery, hairless, base wedge-shaped, tip pointed or short tapering; lateral veins about 7 pairs. Follicles are paired, oblong-elliptic, 5-9 x about 2 cm, hairless. Khasi Swallow-Root is found in bushland, forests, in NE India, Myanmar to China. Flowering: May-September.
Medicinal uses: All parts are used medicinally for bronchitis, cough, and epidemic influenza. The roots yield an aromatic oil.

Identification credit: M. Sawmliana Photographed in Samlukhai & Serte, Mizoram.

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