Khasi Schima
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Khasi Schima
ative Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: Khasi Schima • Mizo: Khiangzo
Botanical name: Schima khasiana    Family: Theaceae (Tea family)
Synonyms: Schima forrestii

Khasi Schima is a tree 20-25 m tall. Current year branchlets are purplish red, hairless or velvety, terminal buds grayish white silky. Leaf-stalks are 1.5-2 cm. Leaf blade is elliptic, 10-18 x 4-9 cm, thinly leathery, pale green below, velvety along reddish midvein, and becoming pale brown when dry, dark green above, shiny, and hairless. Secondary veins 10-12 on each side of midvein and slender, secondary and reticulate veins raised on both surfaces. Base is broadly wedge-shaped to nearly round, margin toothed essentially along whole length, tip abruptly pointed to long-pointed. Flowers are borne solitary, about 6 cm in diameter. Flower-stalks are 1.5-2 cm, velutinous, thickened toward tip. Bracteoles are 2, caducous, broadly obovate, 10-12 x 8-9 mm, puberulent. Sepals are semicircular, about 4 x 6 mm, margin fringed serrulate. Petals are white, broadly obovate, 2.5-3 cm, outside basally velutinous. Stamens are 1-1.5 cm. Ovary is yellowish velvety, style hairless. Capsule is round, 3-3.5 cm in diameter. Fruit is woody, splitting into 5 valves. Seeds together with wing 1.2-1.6 x 0.8-1 cm. Bhutan, Khasi Schima is found in NE India, N Myanmar, N Vietnam and China, at altitudes of 900-1800 m. Flowering: June-July.

Identification credit: Tabish Photographed in Shillong, Meghalaya.

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