Khasi Bauhinia
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Khasi Bauhinia
P Native Photo: M. Sawmliana
Common name: Khasi Bauhinia
Botanical name: Phanera khasiana    Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family)
Synonyms: Bauhinia khasiana, Bauhinia howei,

Khasi Bauhinia is a woody climber with tendrils. Branches are cylindric; young branches velvet-hairy, later hairless. Leaf-stalks are 2.5-5 cm long, leaf blade broadly ovate to round, 7-12 x 6-9.5 cm, papery-leathery, hairless, veins 7-9, convex on both surfaces, base broadly heart-shaped or almost flat, tip bilobed up to 1/5-1/4; lobes crossing to cover each other, with pointed tips. Flowers are borne in corymbs, or in multiple corymbs, at branch-ends, 10-15 x 10-15 cm, rusty velvety; bracts falling off. Flower-stalks are 3-3.5 cm. Flower buds broadly ovoid or subspherical. Receptacle cylindric, about 5 mm; sepals 4 or 5, reflexed at anthesis, about 7 mm, below rusty pu­bescent. Petals are red or golden yellow, broadly spoon-shaped, below rusty velvet-hairy, claw 2-4 mm. Fertile stamens are 3; fila­ments hairless, staminodes 3. Ovary is long stalked, hairless but rusty velvet-hairy on sutures; stigma peltate. Pod splits open, is ob­long-lanceshaped, compressed, 15-20 x 4-10 cm, leathery, hairless. Seeds 4 or 5, oblong, about 2 × 2 cm. Khasi Bauhinia is found in NE India, China South-Central and parts of SE Asia. Flowering: July-August.

Identification credit: Subir Bandopadhyay Photographed in Sihphir, Mizoram & Tippi, Arunachal Pradesh.

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