Karanja Peristylus
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Karanja Peristylus
P Native Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: Karanja Peristylus • Marathi: कारंजा अमरी Karanja amri
Botanical name: Peristylus caranjensis    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Habenaria caranjensis, Habenaria stocksii

Karanja Peristylus is a small terrestrial orchid, 10-50 cm tall. It is named for the Karanja peninsula in Raigad district of Navi Mumbai, where it was first found. Tubers are oblong, 2-3 cm long. Leaves are 5-14 cm long, ovate-elliptic with wavy margin, clustered in the middle of the stem. Small greenish-white flowers are borne in lax twisted spikes 10-25 cm long carried on 5-10 cm long stalk. Bracts are 1 cm long, long-pointed. Spur is 6 mm long, inflated. Mid-lobe of the lip is incurved. Capsules are 1 cm long, curved and ribbed. Karanja Peristylus is occasionally found in the grasslands in the evergreen forests of Western Ghats. Flowering: July-August.

Identification credit: Pankaj Kumar, Sushant More Photographed in near Valmiki Ashram, Ajoba, Maharashtra.

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