Jerusalem-Oak Goosefoot
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Jerusalem-Oak Goosefoot
A Native Unknown Photo: Nidhan Singh
Common name: Jerusalem-Oak Goosefoot
Botanical name: Dysphania botrys    Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth family)
Synonyms: Chenopodium botrys, Chenopodium botrydium, Chenopodium ilicifolium

Jerusalem-Oak Goosefoot is an aromatic annual herb 5-40 cm, densely hairy, most hairs stalked, glandular. Stems are erect, usually with several ascending branches, main axis sometimes shorter than some of the branches. Leaves are dull green, somewhat glaucous, blade 1-7 cm, elliptic to ovate in outline, wedge-shaped to somewhat heart-shaped at base, blunt at tip, pinnately cut with 2-5 broad lobes and several teeth on each side. Inflorescence is elongate, main axis up to 5 cm wide, at branch-ends, composed of mostly leafless dense dichasial cymes, or in leaf-axils with smaller cymes. Terminal flowers are solitary, larger and earlier flowering than lateral ones. Tepals are 5, about 1 x 0.5 mm, elliptic to ovate, tapering, free to base, often not contiguous at base, herbaceous with membranous margins, often whitish in fruit, weakly keeled, with stalked glandular hairs on back. Stamens are 1-5. Stigmas 2. Jerusalem-Oak Goosefoot is found in the Himalayas, at altitudes of 600-3700 m. It is also found in Mediterranean area to SW and C Asia, introduced and naturalized in C Europe, S Africa. Flowering: April-August.

Identification credit: Nidhan Singh Photographed on Govindghat-Ghangria route, Uttarakhand.

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