Java Ixora
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Java Ixora
P Native Photo: Tabish
Common name: Java Ixora, Coral Ixora, Glossy Ixora Javanese Ixora, Jungle Flame • Manipuri: ꯍꯥꯃꯩꯕꯣꯟ Hameibon
Botanical name: Ixora javanica    Family: Rubiaceae (Coffee family)
Synonyms: Ixora amara, Ixora mutabilis, Ixora amoena

Java Ixora is a shrub 1-3 m high or treelet up to 11 m high. Leaves are opposite, simple, elliptic-oblong or oblong-ovate, 7.5-17 cm by 2.5-7 cm, herbaceous, base narrowed, tip tapering, hairless, with 9-10 pairs lateral veins, shortly stalked, stipules 4 mm long, strongly pointed. Inflorescence is carried on a flower-cluster-stalk 1-4 cm long, short-hairy, loose panicle of 4-merous, bisexual, non-fragrant flowers 1.2 cm in diameter. Flower have a short sepal-cup tube, ovate sepals, flower tube 2.5-3.5 cm long, petals ovate, blunt or rounded, 6-8 mm long, orange-red sometimes pink or yellow, anthers pale orange, style 5 mm long slightly protruding. Fruit is 1 cm across, reddish-purple. Java Ixora is native to E Himalaya to W. Malesia. In its native range, Java Ixora occurs in forests, on hillsides and ridges and on alluvial sites and along rivers and streams, ay elevations up to 700 m. However, it is widely cultivated as a garden plant.
Medicinal uses: The roots are boiled and consumed to treat tuberculosis in Thailand.

Identification credit: Joseph Thomas Photographed in Imphal & Bangalore.

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