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ative Photo: Krishan Lal
Common name: Jadwar • Hindi: Jadwar, Judwar, Nirbishi, Nirbisi, Nirvisi • Kannada: nirvishi • Malayalam: nirvasi • Marathi: nirvishi • Nepali: निरबिशी Nirbishi • Sanskrit: apavisha, avisa, avisha, nirvisa, nirvisha • Tamil: nirbasi • Urdu: jadwar
Botanical name: Delphinium denudatum    Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family)

Jadwar is critically endangered Himalayan herb, which was once commonest species. It is distinguished by its relatively small blue or violet flowers, borne in a widely branched inflorescence with a few spike-like clusters. Flowers are about 2.5 cm, with the upper outer petals about 1.2 cm and a spur 1.4-1.5 cm. Upper inner petals are white, the others blue. Leaves are 5-15 cm across, rounded in outline, cut into 3-5 broadly obovate segments, segments pinnately cut into oblong lobes or teeth 2-3 mm wide. Jadwar is found in the Himalayas, from Pakistan to C. Nepal, at altitudes of 1500-2700 m. Flowering: June-August.
Medicinal uses: It is one of the important drugs used as indigenous medicine in India, especially in Unani medicine. The roots of the plant are reported to be useful in a variety of ailments such as aconite poisoning, brain diseases, fungal infection, piles and toothache as analgesic and astringent. A number of studies have been done on its phytochemical and pharmacological properties. Its use in opium addiction is mentioned in some classical literature, which has been verified and validated in morphine induced physical dependent de-addiction studies.

Identification credit: Krishan Lal Photographed in Himachal Pradesh.

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