Indian Willow
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Indian Willow
ative Photo: Tabish
Common name: Indian Willow • Assamese: ভেহ bhe • Bengali: বৈশাখী boishakhi, পানী জমা pani joma • Garo: bhesh, bol-slak • Hindi: बेद लैला bed-laila • Kannada: ಬೈಚೆ ಮರ Baiche mara, ನೀರುವಂಜಿ Neeruvanji ನೀರಂಜಿ Neeranji, ನೀರುಮಂಜಿ Neerumanji, ಹೊಳೆಬೋಸಿ Holebosi • Kashmiri: वीर् vir • Khasi: jamynrei • Konkani: वाळुंज walunj • Malayalam: വഞ്ചി vanji • Manipuri: ꯎꯌꯨꯝ ঊযুম ooyum • Marathi: वाळुंज valunj OR walunj • Sanskrit: जलवेतस jalavetasa • Santal: gada • Tamil: ஆற்றுப்பாலை arru-p-palai, சுவேதம் cuvetam, நீர்வஞ்சி nir-vanci • Telugu: కొండగన్నేరు konda ganneru • Mizo: Tuipuisuthlah Source: Names of Plants in India
Botanical name: Salix tetrasperma    Family: Salicaceae (Willow family)

Indian Willow is a medium sized tree of wet and swampy places, shedding the leaves at the end of monsoon. It flowers after leafing. The bark is rough, with deep, vertical fissures. The young shoots and young leaves are silky. The leaves are lance-like, or ovate-lancelike, 8-15 cm long, with minutely and regularly toothed margins. The male sweet scented catkins are 5-10 cm long, and are borne on leafy branchlets. The female catkins are 8-12 cms long. The capsules are long, stipulate, in groups of 3 to 4. In Manipur, in NE India, the new flowers of Indian Willow, locally known as ঊযুম (Ooyum), lightly boiled and mixed with mashed boiled potatoes, and are considered delcicious. Flowering: January-February.
Medicinal uses: The bark of Indian Willow is used to treat fever.

Identification credit: Heikham Sarita, J.M. Garg Photographed at IG Stadium, Delhi & Mussoorie, Uttarakhand.

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