Indian Fragrant Rose
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Indian Fragrant Rose
E Introduced Photo: Tabish
Common name: Indian Fragrant Rose • Bengali: গোলাপ Golap • Hindi: देसी गुलाब Desi gulab, Sudburg, bussorah, फ़स्ती गुलाब Fasti gulab • Kannada: Gulabihuvu, Panniru, Tarana, Roja • Malayalam: Panniruppu, പന്നീരപുശ്പമ് Pannirpushpam • Manipuri: ꯑꯗꯨꯔ ꯒꯨꯂꯥꯕ Adur gulab • Marathi: गुलाब Gulab • Sanskrit: Atimanjula, Lakshapushpa, Shatapatrika • Tamil: Pannirpu, பந்நீரபுஸ்பம் Pannirpushpam • Telugu: Pannir roja, Gulaabi poovvu • Urdu: Gulqand-gulab, Gul-e-surkh
Botanical name: Rosa indica    Family: Rosaceae (Rose family)
Synonyms: Rosa x borboniana, Rosa pannosa

Indian Fragrant Rose is an extremely popular species of rose in India. It is an erect shrub with prickles curved or almost absent. Flowers arise solitary or several in short panicles, fragrant, usually double, red to white on long smooth or glandular flower-stalks. Sepals are entire, with long thread-like tip, rising up or patent after flowering, deciduous. Styles are long, free, hairless, distinctly protruding through the narrow orifice. Leaves are evergreen, compound, with leaflets 3-5(-7), deep green and ą shining above, paler beneath, normally hairless. Stipules very narrow, with lanceshaped, erect or slightly divergent ears. Fruit is ovoid to pear-shaped, smooth. Indian Fragrant Rose is renowned for its fine fragrance, and its flowers are commercially harvested for rose oil used in perfumery. In south India, it is used in garlands, and in making rose-water. The name paneer (Tamil) means rose-water. Indian Fragrant Rose is native to China, Laos, Taiwan, Vietnam, introduced and widely cultivated in India.

Identification credit: Harangad Singh Photographed in cultivation.

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