Hornbeam-Leaved Crossberry
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Hornbeam-Leaved Crossberry
P Native Photo: S. Kasim
Common name: Hornbeam-Leaved Crossberry
Botanical name: Grewia carpinifolia    Family: Tiliaceae (Falsa family)
Synonyms: Grewia biflora, Grewia rautanenii

Hornbeam-Leaved Crossberry is a shrub, often climbing, 1.5-3 m tall. Leave alternate, distichous; blade equilateral to slightly inequilateral, from narrowly ovate-elliptic to elliptic, sometimes oblong-elliptic or nearly obovate, more or less rounded at the base, pointed to tapering at the tip, toothed along the margins, 12.5 X 5.5 cm. Flowers are borne in leaf-axils, or leaf-opposed, the umbels usually 3-flowered, sometimes 5-flowered. The 5 sepals are oblong, recurved, 1.5 cm long and 3-3.5 mm wide. They are white-coloured and hairless within and greenish rusty-coloured and densely woolly outside. The flower is composed of 5 white petals, greenish-coloured and fringed with hairs at the base. The petals are lanceshaped and tapering, 8 mm long and 3 mm wide. The androecium is composed of numerous stamens. The filaments are thin and 6-8 mm long. The anthers are tiny and globular. The style is stout and 1 cm long with a capitate and 4-lobed stigma. The ovary is spherical, densely velvet-hairy and 4-celled. The buds are covered with short and rusty-coloured hairs. The flowers are fragrant. Fruits are depressed-spherical, shallowly 2-lobed or unlobed, 1.5-2 cm diameter, yellowish green when fresh, tawny and wrinkled when dry, tomentellous. Hornbeam-Leaved Crossberry is
Medicinal uses: In Ayurveda, the plant is used in the treatment for Dropsy Swellings, Oedema, Gout, Cutaneous, Small pox, Measles, stomach diseases, disorders of menstrual cycle.

Identification credit: S. Kasim Photographed in Katpadi, Tamil Nadu.

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