Himalayan Maharanga
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Himalayan Maharanga
P Native Photo: Sunit Singh
Common name: Himalayan Maharanga • Nepali: महारंगी Maharangee, भ्रिंगी Bhringee, मारंगी Marangi • Sanskrit: Raktadala
Botanical name: Maharanga emodi    Family: Boraginaceae (Forget-me-not family)
Synonyms: Onosma emodi, Maharanga wallichiana, Onosma vestita

Himalayan Maharanga is a perennial herb with stems 15-45 cm. Flowers ranging from red, purple, to blue on the same plant, ovoid and distinctly narrower at the mouth, are borne in rounded nodding heads which become flat-topped in fruit. Flowers are urn-shaped, about 9 mm long, petals triangular, recurved, style longer. Sepal-cup is fused below into a short tube which widens in fruit, sepals long-bristly, little shorter than the finely hairy flower-tube. Lower leaves are inverted-lanceshaped, up to 15 cm, rough hairy, the upper elliptic, shorter. Nutlets are ovoid, rough. Himalayan Maharanga is found on rocks, open slopes, in the Himalayas, from Uttarakhand to SE Tibet, at altitudes of 2200-4500 m. Flowering: June-September.
Medicinal uses: Cooling, laxative, anthelmintic, alexiphannic; good in diseases of the eye, derangements of the blood, bronchitis, abdominal pain, fevers, wounds, piles. Root is used for hair dye and coloring.

Identification credit: Sunit Singh, Ashok Meena Photographed in PandavSera, Madhmaheshwar, Uttarakhand.

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