Himalayan Horn-Lip Orchid
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Himalayan Horn-Lip Orchid
P Native Photo: Jambey Tsering
Common name: Himalayan Horn-Lip Orchid
Botanical name: Ceratostylis himalaica    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Ceratostylis ritaia, Ritaia himalaica, Eria ramosissima

Himalayan Horn-Lip Orchid is a miniature to small sized, tree-dwelling orchid with a pendant, branched stem enveloped by overlapping, scarious sheaths and giving rise to a single, fleshy, linear-oblong, obliquely notched apically, pointed, shortly stalked leaf. The plant blooms in the late spring on a head-like, 1-3 flowered inflorescence. Flowers are small, white, spotted with purplish red, column yellow. Dorsal sepal is oblong-ovate, 5-6 x 2-3.5 mm; lateral sepals broadly ovate, 3.5-4.5 mm. Petals are linear, 3.5-4.5 x about 1 mm, hairless; lip almost oblong, boat-shaped, 2-3 mm, thickened, base deeply saccate, margin entire, tip with a cushion-like callus below; disk slightly hairy. Column very short, apical arms horn-shaped, foot short. Himalayan Horn-Lip Orchid is found in the Himalayas, from Nepal to Bhutan, NE India, China, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam, at altitudes of 900-1700 m. Flowering: April-June.

Identification credit: Jambey Tsering Photographed in Sessa, West Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh.

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