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ative Photo: Pravin Kawale
Common name: Henbane, Stinking nightshade • Hindi: Khurasani ajwain • Sanskrit: Parseek yawani • Kannada: ಖುರಾಸಾನಿ ಓಮ Khuraasaani oma, ವಿಲಾಯತಿ ತುಳಸಿ Vilaayati tulasi • Nepali: र्खुसानी ज्वाँनु Khursani jwanu, बजरभाङ्ग Bajarabhaang
Botanical name: Hyoscyamus niger    Family: Solanaceae (Potato family)

Henbane is a robust, leafy plant, growing to 1 m tall. The plant is coarsely hairy, sticky and stinks. Basal leaves are elliptic, irregularly lobed, stalked. Stem leaves are stalkless. Flowers are cup-shaped, 2-3 cm across, dull yellow, prominently netted with purple veins, and have a dark purple center. Sepal cup is funnel shaped with triangular pointed sepals. Sepals enlarge and become papery in fruit, and encircle the capsule. Henbane is found in the Himalayas at altitudes of 2100-3300 m. Flowering: May-September.
Medicinal uses: Henbane is used in Homoepathic medicine.

Identification credit: Navendu Pāgé Photographed in Valley of Flowers & Nanda Devi Reserve, Uttarakhand.

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