Ground Fig
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Ground Fig
E Native Photo: Momang Taram
Common name: Ground Fig • Adi: Eberii
Botanical name: Ficus geocarpa    Family: Moraceae (Mulberry family)
Synonyms: Ficus dichrotrix

Ground Fig is a tree, up to 10 m tall, dioecious, evergreen; branchlets velvet-hairy. Figs are borne on slender shoots coming from the base of the trunk. Branches are bristly 1.5-3 m long, internodes 4-5 cm long. Receptacles paired, pyriform, depressed- spherical to top-shaped, 1.5-1.8 cm across, covered with dense brown tomentum, ribbed towards the ostiole, tip concave, brownish- red to yellow at maturity. Fig wall is 3-4 mm thick; fig-stalk stout, velvet-hairy, 0.7-1.2 x 0.2-3 cm. Mature achenes are rhomboid, minutely warty. Internodes are hollow; bark smooth, pale brown. Leaves are simple, distichous, slightly asymmetric, oblong to nearly-ovate, 15-36 x 5-13 cm, rounded to somewhat heart-shaped at the narrow side and heart-shaped at the broad side at base, finely toothed to toothed at margin, tapering at tip; bristly on the upper side, brown or brownish hairy on the lower side, basal nerves 3-5 pairs, prominent, lateral nerves 6-10 pairs. Leaf-stalk is 0.5-2 cm long, brown- hairy. Ground Fig is native to East Himalaya and N. Sulawesi Islands. Flowering: August-January.

Identification credit: Momang Taram Photographed at Komkar, Upper Siang, Arunachal Pradesh.

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