Green-Flowered Habenaria
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Green-Flowered Habenaria
P Native Photo: Ashutosh Sharma
Common name: Green-Flowered Habenaria
Botanical name: Habenaria viridiflora    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Habenaria chlorantha, Habenaria tenuis, Orchis viridiflora

Green-Flowered Habenaria is a terrestrial orchid, 13-20 cm tall. Stem is erect, slender, rigid, hairless, base with 4 or 5 leaves, with 4 or 5 bractlike leaves above. Leaves are linear, 5-10 x 0.4-0.6 cm, base stem-clasping, tip tapering or pointed. Flowers are borne in several to more than 10-flowered inflorescence, 2-4 cm long, hairless, flower-stalks about 1 cm. Flowers are yellowish green, small, hairless. Dorsal sepal forming a hood with petals, ovate, concave, about 2 x 1.3 mm, 3-veined, tip blunt; lateral sepals reflexed, obliquely ovate-oblong, about 2.8 x 1.3 mm, 3-veined, tip blunt. Petals are obliquely ovate, about 2 x 1.1 mm, 1-veined, tip pointed; lip about 3.2 mm, fleshy, near base deeply 3-lobed; lobes linear, tip blunt; lateral lobes perpendicular to mid-lobe, often about 2 mm; mid-lobe about 3 mm; spur drooping, cylindric, to 1.6 cm, much longer than ovary, slender. Green-Flowered Habenaria is found in India to Indo-China, Sri Lanka, China. Flowering: June-September.

Identification credit: Ashutosh Sharma Photographed near Jarakabande Kaval, Bengaluru Outskirts, Karnataka.

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