Golden Dendrobium
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Golden Dendrobium
P Native Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: Golden Dendrobium
Botanical name: Dendrobium hookerianum    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Callista hookeriana, Dendrobium chrysotis

Golden Dendrobium is a small, medium to large sized, orchid dwelling on trees or rocks with yellowish, drooping to arching, rod-like canes with basal pseuobulbous swellings that continue to elongate for many seasons. The plant carries several, dark green, papery, oblong-lanceshaped, wavy margined leaves. The plant blooms in the summer and fall on a slender, drooping, 15 cm long, 9-12 flowered inflorescnece with 2-4 flowers in groups arising from near the tip of the previous years cane and carrying large fragrant flowers. Flower-stalk and ovary are 3-4 cm. Flowers are spreading, thinly textured, golden yellow, disk with a purple blotch on each side. Dorsal sepal elliptic-oblong, 24-35 x 9-16 mm, pointed; lateral sepals oblong, 24-35 x 9-16 mm. Petals are oblong, 2.4-3.5 x 1.0-1.8 cm, lip nearly round, 2-3 cm wide, above densely velvet-hairy, base shortly clawed, claw with a callus, margin compound fringed. Column is about 4 mm. Golden Dendrobium is found from Central Himalaya to Ne India and China, at altitudes of 1000-2300 m.

Identification credit: Pankaj Kumar Photographed in State Orchidarium, Manipur.

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