Few-Flowered Bellthorn
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Few-Flowered Bellthorn
P Native Photo: Angela Pangkam
Common name: Few-Flowered Bellthorn • Manipuri: ꯅꯣꯡꯄꯣꯛ ꯂꯥꯡꯊ꯭ꯔꯩ Nongpok langthrei, ꯅꯣꯡꯃꯥꯡꯈꯥ ꯃꯆꯥ Nongmangkha macha
Botanical name: Codonacanthus pauciflorus    Family: Acanthaceae (Acanthus family)
Synonyms: Asystasia pauciflora, Codonacanthus acuminatus

Few Flowered Bellthorn is a herb 20-60 cm tall. Flowers are white with purple spots at base of lower lip, 6.5-10 mm, hairless; tube basally cylindric for 1-2 mm and 1-1.5 mm wide then abruptly widened to 3.5-6.5 mm at mouth; lobes of lower lip 3.5-5.5 x 2-3.5 mm. Flower-stalks are 1-7 mm. Sepal-cup is 2.5-4 mm; sepals lanceshaped. Flowers are borne in racemes, the ones at branch-ends, usually forming a panicle up to 15 cm. Stems are 4-angled, grooved, velvet-hairy. Leaf-stalks are 3-15 mm, leaf blade elliptic, ovate, or lanceshaped, 4-12 x 1.5-4.5 cm, thin, below pale green, above green, hairless and with numerous cystoliths, secondary veins 5-7 on each side of midvein, base rounded, wedge-shaped, or narrowed and narrowing into leaf-stalk, tip pointed or tapering. Capsules are 1-1.9 cm, hairless. Seeds 2-3 mm. Few Flowered Bellthorn is found in NE India, Bhutan, Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam to Japan, at altitudes below 100-1500 m. Flowering: August-April.

Identification credit: Navendu Pāgé, Pankaj Kumar Photographed in Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh.

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