East-Indian Henckelia
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East-Indian Henckelia
P Native Photo: Mohina Macker
Common name: East-Indian Henckelia
Botanical name: Henckelia hookeri    Family: Gesneriaceae (Gloxinia family)
Synonyms: Chirita hookeri, Roettlera josephi, Henckelia arupii

East-Indian Henckelia is an erect herb with stem 8-30 cm long. Flowers are funnel-shaped, 4.5-6 cm long, velvet-hairy outside, glandular finely velvet-hairy inside, 2-lipped, 5-lobed; tube 3-3.8 x 1.5-2 cm, white with light pink-purple streaks both inside and outside, yellow towards throat. Upper lip 2, ovate, 1-1.5 cm long, tip blunt-rounded, dark violet-purple, base yellow with violet-purple streaks; lower lip 3, ovate-oblong, 1.5-2 cm long, tip blunt-rounded, dark violet-purple, base yellow with violet-purple streaks. Stamens are 2, 1.1-1.5 cm long; staminodes 2. Sepal-cup is 2-3 x 1.2-1.6 cm, 5-lobed, fused almost up to middle densely velvet-hairy, sepals 1.1-1.9 x 0.3-0.6 cm, lanceshaped, tip pointed. Flowers are borne in 1-10-flowered clusters in leaf axils and branch ends, carried on flower-cluster-stalks 1.5-5 cm long. Bracts are 2, 0.5-2 x 0.4-1.6 cm, ovate or broadly ovate, flower-stalk 1-3 cm long. Leaves are ovate-elliptic 8-25 x 4-12 cm, tip tapering, base oblique. Capsules are 6.5-11 cm long, linear, green. East-Indian Henckelia is found in wet shady places on moist forest floor under bushes, shrubs and small trees at elevation of 250-1400 m, and is endemic to NE India (Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland). Flowering: July-November.

Identification credit: Mohina Macker, Dipankar Borah Photographed in enroute to Walong, Arunachal Pradesh.

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