East-Asian Wormwood
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East-Asian Wormwood
P Native Unknown Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: East-Asian Wormwood • Assamese: নীলম Nilum • Bengali: নাগদানা Nagadana • Hindi: नागदोना Nagdona, दवना Davana • Kannada: ಮಂಚಿಪತ್ರೆ Manchipatre, ಮಂಚಿಪತ್ರ Manchipatra, ಮಂಚಪತ್ರಿ Manchapatri, ಮಂಜಪತ್ರೆ Manjepatre, ಉರಿಗಟ್ಟಿಗೆ Urigattige, ಉರುವಲು Uruvalu, ಕಾಡುಮಂಜಿಪತ್ರೆ Kaaduu manjipatre, ಕಾರಸಿ Kaarasi, ಕಾರಸೆ Kaarase, ನಾಗದಮನಿ Naagadamani • Konkani: Surpin • Malayalam: മക്കീപൂവൂ Makkippuvu, മാസീപത്രീ Masipatri • Manipuri: ꯂꯩꯕꯥꯛꯉꯧ Leibakngou • Marathi: ढोरदवना Dhordavana, Gondhomaro • Nepali: तिते पाति Titepati • Oriya: Dayona • Sanskrit: नागदमन Nagadaman, दमनक Damanak • Tamil: மக்கீபூ Makkippu • Tangkhul: Harana
Botanical name: Artemisia dubia    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)

East-Asian Wormwood is a subshrub, 80-120 cm tall, much branched; branches 15-35 cm or more, usually flexuous, velvet-hairy or becoming hairless. Leaves are shortly stalked to almost stalkless, below grayish green hairy to nearly hairless, above green and white dotted with or without sparse hairs. Lowermost leaves ovate or oblong, 5-partite. Middle stem leaves ovate, 5-12 x 3-7 cm, 5-partite; lobes elliptic, oblong-lanceshaped, or lanceshaped, 3-8 x 0.5-1.2 cm, base narrowed. Uppermost leaves ternate, 3-partite; leaflike bracts entire, elliptic-lanceshaped or lanceshaped. Flowers are borne in a narrow to broad panicle, 15-30 x 10-20 cm; primary branches are rising up to patent (upper), up to 25 x 2-3 cm. Flower-heads are many, almost stalkless. Involucre broadly ovoid or spherical, 1.5-2 mm in diameter; outer phyllaries sparsely hairy, green, tip pointed. Florets are 8-20, purplish. Marginal florets are 6-8; flower basally broadened, 2-toothed. Disk florets are 2-12, male; flower tube glandular, tip very sparsely hairy. Achenes are brown, oblong or obovoid, 1.25-1.5 mm. Flowering: August-October.
Medicinal uses: In Manipur, leaves are used to prepare a local hair-care lotion Chinghi.

Identification credit: Liyaqat Ali Photographed at Bisle Ghat, Karnataka & Nimgiri, Maharashtra.

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