East Indian Globe Thistle
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East Indian Globe Thistle
ative Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: East Indian Globe Thistle, Indian sphaeranthus • Hindi: Chhagul-nudi, गोरखमुंडी Gorakhmundi • Marathi: गोरखमुंडी Gorakhmundi • Tamil: சிவகரந்தை Sivakarantai, கொட்டை கரந்தை Kottai Karantai, Visnukkarantai • Malayalam: മിരംഗനീ Mirangani, Adakkamanian • Telugu: Boddatarapu • Kannada: ಬೋೞತರ Bozhatara, ಬೋಳತರ Bolatara, ಮುಂಡಿ Mundi, ಕರಂಜಿಕೆ Karanjike • Bengali: মুরমুরিযা Murmuriya • Urdu: Kamdaryus • Nepali: गोरख मुण्डि Gorakh Mundi, सुपारे झार Supaare Jhaar • Gujarati: ગોરખમુંડી Gorakhmundi • Sanskrit: महामुंडी Mahamundi, तपस्विनी Tapasvini, Palankasha
Botanical name: Sphaeranthus indicus    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)

East Indian globe thistle is a much branched, strongly-scented annual herb with winged stem and the wings toothed. Alternately arranged obovate-oblong leaves are narrowed at the base, dentate and serrate, 1-3 cm long. Flowers occur in purple spherical heads, 8-15 mm, consisting of numerous tiny flowers. Flowers are purple and the stamens pale-purple. East Indian Globe Thistle is found in the Hiamalyas, from Himachal Pradesh to Bhutan, up to altitudes of 1000 m. It is also found in the Western Ghats. Flowering: October-April.
Medicinal uses: According to Ayurveda, this herb is hot, laxative, digestible, tonic, fattening, alterative, anthelmintic and alexipharmic. It is used in insanity, tuberculosis, indigestion, bronchitis, spleen diseases, elephantiasis, anaemia, pain in uterus and vagina, piles, asthma, leucoderma, dysentery, vomiting, hemicrania, etc.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale Photographed in Maharashtra.

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